Publications

2022

79. Soft wearable devices for deep-tissue sensing [link
M.Y. Lin, H.J. Hu, S. Zhou, S. Xu
Nature Reviews Materials DOI: 10.1038/s41578-022-00427-y (2022)

78. Three-dimensional transistor arrays for intra- and inter-cellular recording [pdf
Y. Gu, C.F. Wang, N.H. Kim, J.X. Zhang, T.M. Wang, J. Stowe, R. Nasiri, J.F. Li, D.B. Zhang, A. Yang, L.H.-H. Hsu, X.C. Dai, J. Mu, Z.Y. Liu, M.Y. Lin, W.X. Li, C.H. Wang, H. Gong, Y.M. Chen, Y.S. Lei, H.J. Hu, Y. Li, L. Zhang, Z.L. Huang, X.C. Zhang, S. Ahadian, P. Banik, L.F. Zhang, X.C. Jiang, P.J. Burke, A. Khademhosseini, A.D. McCulloch, S. Xu
Nature Nanotechnology 17, 292–300 (2022)

2021

77. Wearable biosupercapacitor: harvesting and storing energy from sweat [pdf
J. Lv, L. Yin, X.H. Chen, I. Jeerapan, C.A. Silva, Y. Li, M.Le, Z.H. Lin, L.W. Wang, A. Trifonov, S. Xu, S. Cosnier, J. Wang
Advanced Functional Materials 31, 2102915 (2021)

76. Fabric-substrated capacitive biopotential sensors enhanced by dielectric nanoparticles [pdf
X.J. Chen, X.X. Gao, A. Nomoto, K.R. Shi, M.Y. Lin, H.J. Hu, Y. Gu, Y.Z. Zhu, Z.H. Wu, X. Chen, X.Y. Wang, B.Y. Qi, S. Zhou, H. Ding, S. Xu
Nano Research 14, 3248-3252 (2021)

75. Demystifying phase transformations in metal halide perovskites [pdf
C.C.F. Lu, Y.F. Wang, R.Q. Zhang, S. Xu
Matter 4, 2627-2629 (2021)

74. Instant, multiscale dry transfer printing by atomic diffusion control at heterogenous interfaces [pdf
K. Heo, J.D. Ha, S.J. Son, I.S. Choi, H.K. Lee, S.H. Oh, J.H. Jekal, M.H. Kang, G.J. Lee, H.H. Jung, J.W. Yea, T.Y. Lee, J.-W. Choi, S. Xu, J.H. Choi, J.-W. Jeong, Y.M. Song, J.-C. Rah, H.H. Keum, K.-I. Jang
Science Advances 7, eabh0040 (2021)

73. A passive perspiration biofuel cell: high energy return on investment [pdf
L. Yin, J.-M. Moon, J.R. Sempionatto, M.Y. Lin, M.Z. Cao, A. Trifonov, F.Y. Zhang, Z.Y. Lou, J.-M. Jeong, S.-J. Lee, S. Xu, J. Wang
Joule 5, 1888-1904 (2021)

72. Continuous monitoring of deep-tissue haemodynamics with stretchable ultrasonic phased arrays [pdf
C.H. Wang, B.Y. Qi, M.Y. Lin, Z.R. Zhang, M. Makihata, B.Y. Liu, S. Zhou, Y.-H. Huang, H.J. Hu, Y. Gu, Y.M. Chen, Y.S. Lei, T.Y. Lee, S. Chien, K.-I. Jang, E.B. Kistler, S. Xu
Nature Biomedical Engineering 5, 749-758 (2021)

71. Single-crystal halide perovskites: opportunities and challenges [pdf
Y.S. Lei, Y.M Chen, S. Xu
Matter 4, 2266-2308 (2021)

70. Smart contact lenses for biosensing applications [pdf
X. Ma, S. Ahadian, S. Liu, J.W. Zhang, S.N. Liu, T. Cao, W.B. Lin, D. Wu, N. Roberto de Barros, M.R. Zare, S.E. Diltemiz, V. Jucaud, Y.Z. Zhu, S.M. Zhang, E. Banton, Y. Gu, K.W. Nan, S. Xu, M.R. Dokmeci, A. Khademhosseini
Advanced Intelligent Systems 3, 2000263 (2021)

69. Nanomaterial biointerfacing via mitochondrial membrane coating for targeted detoxification and molecular detection [pdf
H. Gong, Q.Z Zhang, A. Komarla, S.Y. Wang, Y. Duan, Z.D. Zhou, F. Chen, R.H. Fang, S. Xu, W.W. Gao, L.F. Zhang
Nano Letters 21, 2603-2609 (2021)

68. A self-sustainable wearable multi-modular e-textile bioenergy microgrid system [pdf
L. Yin, K.N. Kim, J. Lv, F. Tehrani, M.Y. Lin, Z.Z. Lin, J.-M. Moon, J. Ma, J.L. Yu, S. Xu, J. Wang
Nature Communications 12, 1542 (2021)

67. An epidermal patch for the simultaneous monitoring of haemodynamic and metabolic biomarkers [pdf
J.R. Sempionatto, M.Y. Lin, L. Yin, E. De la paz, K.X. Pei, T. Sonsa-ard, A.N. de Loyola Silva, A.A. Khorshed, F.Y. Zhang, N. Tostado, S. Xu, J. Wang
Nature Biomedical Engineering 5, 737-748 (2021)

2020

66. Deciphering facial movements [pdf
X.X. Gao, X.J. Chen, S. Xu
Nature Biomedical Engineering 4, 935-936 (2020)

65. Role of the metal–semiconductor interface in halide perovskite devices for radiation photon counting [pdf
S. Shrestha, H.H. Tsai, M. Yoho, D. Ghosh, F.Z. Liu, Y.S. Lei, J. Tisdale, J. Baldwin, S. Xu, A.J. Neukirch, S. Tretiak, D. Vo, W.Y. Nie
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 12, 45533-45540 (2020)

64. A fabrication process for flexible single-crystal perovskite devices [pdf
Y.S. Lei, Y.M. Chen, R.Q. Zhang, Y.H. Li, Q.Z. Yan, S.H. Lee, Y.G. Yu, H.H. Tsai, W.J. Choi, K.P. Wang, Y.Q. Luo, Y. Gu, X.R. Zheng, C.F. Wang, C.H. Wang, H.J. Hu, Y. Li, B.Y. Qi, M.Y. Lin, Z.R. Zhang, S.A. Dayeh, M. Pharr, D. Fenning, Y.H. Lo, J. Luo, K.S. Yang, J.K. Yoo, W.Y. Nie, S. Xu
Nature 583, 790-795 (2020)

63. Stretchable nanolayered thermoelectric energy harvester on complex and dynamic surfaces [pdf
Y. Yang, H.J. Hu, Z.Y. Chen, Z.Y. Wang, L.M. Jiang, G.X. Lu, X.J Li, R.M. Chen, J. Jin, H.C. Kang, H.X. Chen, S. Lin, S.Q. Xiao, H.Y. Zhao, R. Xiong, J. Shi, Q.F. Zhou, S. Xu, Y. Chen
Nano Letters 20, 4445-4453 (2020)

62. Frequency- and power-dependent photoresponse of a perovskite photodetector down to the single-photon level [pdf
Z.H. Xu, Y.G. Yu, S. Arya, I.A. Niaz, Y.M. Chen, Y.S. Lei, M.A.R. Miah, J.Y. Zhou, A.C. Zhang, L.J. Yan, S. Xu, K. Nomura, Y.-H. Lo,
Nano Letters 20, 2144-2151 (2020)

61. Strain engineering and epitaxial stabilization of halide perovskites [pdf
Y.M. Chen, Y.S. Lei, Y.H. Li, Y.G. Yu, J.Z. Cai, M.-H. Chiu, R. Rao, Y. Gu, C.F. Wang, W. Choi, H.J. Hu, C.H. Wang, Y. Li, J.W. Song, J.X. Zhang, B.Y. Qi, M.Y. Lin, Z.R. Zhang, A.E. Islam, B. Maruyama, S. Dayeh, L.-J. Li, K.S. Yang, Y.-H. Lo, S. Xu
Nature 577, 209-215 (2020)

2019

60. Stretchable and flexible buckypaper-based lactate biofuel cell for wearable electronics [pdf
X.H. Chen, L. Yin, J. Lv, A.J. Gross, M. Le, N.G. Gutierrez, Y. Li, I. Jeerapan, F. Giroud, A. Berezovska, R.K. O’Reilly, S. Xu, S. Cosnier, J. Wang
Advanced Functional Materials 1905785 (2019)
Stretchable and Flexible Buckypaper-Based Lactate Biofuel Cell for Wearable Electronics

59. A biomimetic soft lens controlled by electrooculographic signal [pdf
J.R. Li, Y. Wang, L.W. Liu, S. Xu, Y.J. Liu, J.S. Leng, S.Q. Cai
Advanced Functional Materials 1903762 (2019)

A Biomimetic Soft Lens Controlled by Electrooculographic Signal

58. Soft sensors form a network [pdf
M.Y. Lin, N.G. Gutierrez, S. Xu
Nature Electronics 2, 327-328 (2019)

57. Wearable thermoelectrics for personalized thermoregulation [pdf]
S. Hong, Y. Gu, J.K. Seo, J. Wang, P. Liu, Y.S. Meng, S. Xu, R.K. Chen
Science Advances 5, eaaw0536 (2019)

56. Biomembrane-modified field effect transistors for sensitive and quantitative detection of biological toxins and pathogens [pdf]
H. Gong, F. Chen, Z.L. Huang, Y. Gu, Q.Z. Zhang, Y.J. Chen, Y. Zhang, J. Zhuang, Y.-K. Cho, R.H. Fang, W.W. Gao, S. Xu, L.F. Zhang
ACS Nano 13, 3714-3722 (2019)

55. Array atomic force microscope for real-time multiparametric analysis [pdf]
Q.Q. Yang, Q. Ma, K.M. Herum, C.H. Wang, N. Patel, J. Lee, S.S. Wang, T.M. Yen, J. Wang, H.M. Tang, Y.-H. Lo, B.P. Head, F. Azam, S. Xu, G. Cauwenberghs, A.D. McCulloch, S. John, Z.W. Liu, R. Lal 
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 116, 5872-5877 (2019)

2018

54. Materials and structures toward soft electronics [pdf]
C.F. Wang, C.H. Wang, Z.L. Huang, S. Xu
Advanced Materials 30, 1801368 (2018)

Materials and Structures toward Soft Electronics

53. Highly stable battery pack via insulated, reinforced, buckling-enabled interconnect array [pdf]
L. Yin, J.K. Seo, J. Kurniawan, R. Kumar, J. Lv, L.Y. Xie, X.Y. Liu, S. Xu, Y.S. Meng, J. Wang
Small 14, 1800938 (2018)

52. Monitoring of the central blood pressure waveform via a conformal ultrasonic device [pdf]
C.H. Wang, X.S. Li, H.J. Hu, L. Zhang, Z.L. Huang, M.Y. Lin, Z.R. Zhang, Z.N. Yin, B. Huang, H. Gong, S.B., Bhaskaran, Y. Gu, M. Makihata, Y.X. Guo, Y.S. Lei, Y.M. Chen, C.F. Wang, Y. Li, T.J. Zhang, Z.Y. Chen, A.P. Pisano, L.F. Zhang, Q.F. Zhou, S. Xu
Nature Biomedical Engineering 2, 687-695 (2018)

51. Three-dimensional integrated stretchable electronics [pdf]
Z.L. Huang, Y.F. Hao, Y. Li, H.J. Hu, C.H. Wang, A. Nomoto, T.S. Pan, Y. Gu, Y.M. Chen, T.J. Zhang, W.X. Li, Y.S. Lei, N.H. Kim, C.F. Wang, L. Zhang, J.W. Ward, A. Maralani, X.S. Li, M.F. Durstock, A. Pisano, Y. Lin, S. Xu
Nature Electronics 1, 473-480 (2018)

50. Controlled homoepitaxial growth of hybrid perovskites [pdf]
Y.S. Lei, Y.M. Chen, Y. Gu, C.F. Wang, Z.L. Huang, H.L. QianJ.Y. Nie, G. Hollett, W.J. Choi, Y.G. Yu, N.H. Kim, C.H. WangT.J. Zhang, H.J. Hu, Y.X. ZhangX.S. Li, Y. Li, W.J. Shi, Z.W. Liu, M.J. Sailor, L. Dong, Y.-H. Lo, J. Luo, S. Xu
Advanced Materials 30, 1705992 (2018)

49. Stretchable ultrasonic transducer arrays for three-dimensional imaging on complex surfaces [pdf]
H.J. Hu, X. Zhu, C.H. Wang, L. Zhang, X.S. Li, S.H. Lee, Z.L. Huang, R.M. Chen, Z.Y. Chen, C.F. Wang, Y. Gu, Y.M. Chen, Y.S. Lei, T.J. Zhang, N.H. Kim, Y.X. Guo, Y. Teng, W.B. Zhou, Y. Li, A. Nomoto, S. Sternini, Q.F. Zhou, M. Pharr, F. Lanza di Scalea, S. Xu
Science Advances 4, eaar 3979 (2018)

Stretchable ultrasonic transducer arrays for three-dimensional imaging on complex surfaces

2017

48. Deterministic integration of biological and soft materials onto 3D microscale cellular frameworks [pdf]
J.M. McCracken, S. Xu, A. Badea, K.-I. Jang, Z. Yan, D.J. Wetzel, K.W. Nan, Q. Lin, M.D. Han, M.A. Anderson, J.W. Lee, Z.J. Wei, M. Pharr, R.H. Wang, J. Su, S.S. Rubakhin, J.V. Sweedler, J.A. Rogers, R.G. Nuzzo
Advanced Biosystems 1, 1700068 (2017)

47. Soft, stretchable, high power density electronic skin-based biofuel cells for scavenging energy from human sweat [pdf]
A.J. Bandodkar, J.-M. You, N.-H. Kim, Y. Gu, R. Kumar, A.M.V. Mohan, J. Kurniawan, S. Imani, T. Nakagawa, B. Parish, M. Parthasarathy, P.P. Mercier, S. Xu, J. Wang
Energy & Environmental Science 10, 1581-1589 (2017)

Soft, stretchable, high power density electronic skin-based biofuel cells for scavenging energy from human sweat

46. Self-assembled three dimensional network designs for soft electronics [pdf]
K.-I. Jang, K. Li, H.U. Chung, S. Xu, H.N. Jung, Y. Yang, J.W. Kwak, H.H. Jung, J. Song, C. Yang, A. Wang, Z. Liu, J.Y. Lee, B.H. Kim, J.-H. Kim, J. Lee, Y. Yu, B.J. Kim, H. Jang, K.J. Yu, J. Kim, J.W. Lee, J.-W. Jeong, Y.M Song, Y. Huang, Y. Zhang, J.A. Rogers
Nature Communications 8, 15894 (2017)

Self-assembled three dimensional network designs for soft electronics

45. Electroplating lithium transition metal oxides [pdf]
H.G. Zhang, H.L. Ning, J. Busbee, Z.H. Shen, C. Kiggins, Y.Y. Hua, J. Eaves, J. Davis III, T. Shi, Y.-T. Shao, J.-M. Zuo, X.H. Hong, Y.B. Chan, S.B. Wang, P. Wang, P.C. Sun, S. Xu, J.Y. Liu, P.V. Braun
Science Advances 3, e1602427 (2017) 

Electroplating lithium transition metal oxides

44. Merging of thin- and thick-film fabrication technologies: toward soft stretchable "island-bridge" devices [pdf]
A.M.V. Mohan, N. Kim, Y. Gu, A.J. Bandodkar, J.-M. You, R. Kumar, J.F. Kurniawan, S. Xu, J. Wang
Advanced Materials Technologies 2, 1600284 (2017)

Merging of Thin- and Thick-Film Fabrication Technologies: Toward Soft Stretchable “Island–Bridge” Devices

2016

43. Ferromagnetic, folded electrode composite as a soft interface to the skin for long-term electrophysiological recording [pdf]
K.-I. Jang, H.N. Jung, J.W. Lee, S. Xu, Y.H. Liu, Y.J. Ma, J.-W. Jeong, Y.M. Song, J.H. Kim, B.H. Kim, A. Banks, J.W. Kwak, Y.Y. Yang, D.W. Shi, Z.J. Wei, X. Feng, U. Paik, Y.G. Huang, R. Ghaffari, J.A. Rogers
Advanced Functional Materials 26, 7281-7290 (2016)

42. Battery-free, stretchable optoelectronic systems for wireless optical characterization of the skin [pdf]
J. Kim, G.A. Salvatore, H. Araki, A.M. Chiarelli, Z.Q. Xie, A. Banks, X. Sheng, Y.H. Liu, J.W. Lee, K.-I. Jang, S.Y. Heo, K.Y. Cho, H.Y. Luo, B. Zimmerman, J. Kim, L.Q. Yan, X. Feng, S. Xu, M. Fabiani, G. Gratton, Y.G. Huang, U. Paik, J.A. Rogers
Science Advances 2, e1600418 (2016)

Battery-free, stretchable optoelectronic systems for wireless optical characterization of the skin

41. Soft, thin-skin mounted power management systems and their use in wireless thermography [pdf]
J.W. Lee, R.X. Wu, S. Lee, K.-I. Jang, Y.C. Yang, A. Banks, K.J. Yu, J. Kim, S. Xu, S.Y. Ma, S.W. Jang, P. Won, Y.H. Li, B.H. Kim, J.Y. Choe, S. Huh, Y.H. Kwon, Y.G. Huang, U. Paik, J.A. Rogers
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 113, 6131-6136 (2016)

Soft, Thin-Skin Mounted Power Management Systems and Their Use in Wireless Thermography

2015

40. Soft network composite materials with deterministic and bio-inspired designs [pdf]
K.-I. Jang, H.U. Chung, S. Xu, C.H. Lee, H.W. Luan, J.W. Jeong, H.Y. Cheng, G.-T. Kim, S.Y. Han, J.W. Lee, J.H. Kim, M.G. Cho, F.X. Miao, Y.Y. Yang, H.N. Jung, M. Flavin, Y.H. Liu, G.W. Kong, K.J. Yu, S.I. Rhee, J.H. Chung, B.G. Kim, Y.H. Zhang, Y.G. Huang, J.A. Rogers
Nature Communications 6, 6566 (2015)

40

39. Holographic patterning of high performance on-chip 3D lithium-ion microbatteries [pdf]
H.L. Ning, J.H. Pikul, R.Y. Zhang, X.J. Li, S. Xu, J.J. Wang, J.A. Rogers, W.P. King, P.V. Braun
Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences 112, 6573-6578 (2015)

39

38. Miniaturized flexible electronic systems with wireless power and near-field communication capabilities [pdf]
J.H. Kim, A. Banks, Z.Q. Xie, S.Y. Heo, P. Gutruf, J.W. Lee, S. Xu, K.-I. Jang, F. Liu, G. Brown, J.H. Choi, J.H. Kim, X. Feng, Y.G. Huang, U. Paik, J.A. Rogers
Advanced Functional Materials 25, 4761-4767 (2015)

38

37. Lateral buckling and mechanical stretchability of fractal interconnects partially bonded onto an elastomeric substrate [pdf]
H.R. Fu, S. Xu, R.X. Xu, J.Q. Jiang, Y.H. Zhang, J.A. Rogers, Y.G. Huang
Applied Physics Letters 106, 091902 (2015)

37

36. Assembly of micro/nanomaterials into complex, three-dimensional architectures by compressive buckling [pdf] [introduction video]
S. Xu, Z. Yan, K.-I. Jang, W. Huang, H.R. Fu, J.H. Kim, Z.J. Wei, M. Flavin, J. McCracken, R.H. Wang, A. Badea, Y.H. Liu, D.Q. Xiao, G.Y. Zhou, J.W. Lee, H.U. Chung, H.Y. Cheng, W. Ren, A. Banks, X.L. Li, U. Paik, R.G. Nuzzo, Y.G. Huang, Y.H. Zhang, J.A. Rogers
Science 347, 154-159 (2015)

35. Epidermal electronics with advanced capabilities in near-field communication [pdf]
J.H. Kim, A. Banks, H.Y. Cheng, Z.Q. Xie, S. Xu, K.-I. Jang, J.W. Lee, Z.J. Liu, P. Gutruf, X. Huang, P.H. Wei, F. Liu, K. Li, M. Dalal, R. Ghaffari, X. Feng, Y.G. Huang, S. Gupta, U. Paik, J.A. Rogers
Small 11, 906-912 (2015)

35

2014

34. Fabrication procedure for rugged and breathable forms of stretchable electronics with adherent and composite substrates [link]
K.-I. Jang, S.Y. Han, S. Xu, K.E. Mathewson, Y.H. Zhang, J.-W. Jeong, G.T. Kim, R.C. Webb, J.W. Lee, T.J. Dawidczyk, R.H. Kim, Y.M. Song, W.-H. Yeo, S. Kim, H.Y. Cheng, S.I. Rhee, J.H. Chung, B.G. Kim, H.U. Chung, D.J. Lee, Y.Y. Yang, M.G. Cho, J.G. Gaspar, R. Carbonari, M. Fabiani, G. Gratton, Y.G. Huang, J.A. Rogers
Protocol Exchange DOI:10.1038/protex.2014.020 (2014)

34

33. Rugged and breathable forms of stretchable electronics with adherent composite substrates for transcutaneous monitoring [pdf]
K.-I. Jang, S.Y. Han, S. Xu, K.E. Mathewson, Y.H. Zhang, J.-W. Jeong, G.-T. Kim, R.C. Webb, J.W. Lee, T.J. Dawidczyk, R.H. Kim, Y.M. Song, W.-H. Yeo, S. Kim, H.Y. Cheng, S.I. Rhee, J.H. Chung, B.G. Kim, H.U. Chung, D.J. Lee, Y.Y. Yang, M.G. Cho, J.G. Gaspar, R. Carbonari, M. Fabiani, G. Gratton, Y.G. Huang, J.A. Rogers
Nature Communications 5, 4779 (2014)

33

32. A hierarchical computational model for stretchable interconnects with fractal-inspired designs [pdf]
Y.H. Zhang, H.R. Fu, S. Xu, K.-C. Hwang, J.Q. Jiang, J. Fan, J.A. Rogers, Y.G. Huang
Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids 72, 115-130 (2014)

32

31. Soft microfluidic assemblies of sensors, circuits, and radios for the skin [pdf]
[introduction video] [mechanical properties demo video] [live ECG monitoring video]
S. Xu, Y.H. Zhang, L. Jia, K. E. Mathewson, K.-I. Jang, J.H. Kim, H.R. Fu, X. Huang, P. Chava, R.H. Wang, S. Bhole, L.Z. Wang, Y.J. Na, Y. Guan, M. Flavin, Z.S. Han, Y.G. Huang, J. A. Rogers
Science 344, 70-74 (2014)

31

2013

30. Experimental and theoretical studies of serpentine microstructures bonded to prestrained elastomers for stretchable electronics [pdf]
Y.H. Zhang, S.D. Wang, X. Li, J. Fan, S. Xu, Y.M. Song, K.-J Choi, W. H. Yeo, S.N. Nazaar, B.W. Lu, L. Yin, W. Lee, K.-C. Hwang, J.A. Rogers, Y.G. Huang
Advanced Functional Materials 14, 2028-2037 (2013)

30

29. Mechanics of ultra-stretchable self-similar serpentine interconnects [pdf]
Y.H. Zhang, H.R. Fu, Y.W. Su, S. Xu, H.Y. Cheng, J.A. Fan, K.-C. Hwang, J.A. Rogers, Y.G. Huang
Acta Materialia 61, 7816-7827 (2013)

29

28. Buckling in serpentine microstructures and applications in ultra-stretchable electronics with high areal coverage [pdf]
Y.H. Zhang, S. Xu, H.R. Fu, J.H. Lee, J. Su, K.-C. Hwang, J.A. Rogers, Y.G. Huang
Soft Matter 9, 8062-8070 (2013)

27. Stretchable batteries with self-similar serpentine interconnects and integrated wireless recharging systems [pdf] [demo video]
S. Xu, Y.H. Zhang, J. Cho, J.H. Lee, X. Huang, L. Jia, J. Fan, Y.W. Su, J. Su, H.G. Zhang, H.Y. Cheng, B.W. Lu, C.J. Yu, C. Chuang, T.-I. Kim, T. Song, K. Shigeta, S. Kang, C. Dagdeviren, I. Petrov, P.V. Braun, Y.G. Huang, U. Paik, J.A. Rogers
Nature Communications 4, 1543 (2013)

27

26. Imprintable, bendable, and shape-conformable polymer electrolytes for versatile-shaped lithium-ion batteries [pdf]
E.-H. Kil, K.-H. Choi, H.-J. Ha, S. Xu, J.A. Rogers, M.R. Kim, Y.-G. Lee, K.M. Kim, K.Y. Cho, S.-Y. Lee
Advanced Materials 25, 1395-1400 (2013)

26

2012

25. Hybridizing ZnO nanowires with micropyramid silicon wafers as superhydrophobic high-efficiency solar cells [pdf]
Y. Liu, A. Das, S. Xu, Z.Y. Lin, C. Xu, Z.L. Wang, A. Rohatgi, C.P. Wong
Advanced Energy Materials 2, 47-51 (2012)

25

2011

24. Oxide nanowire arrays for light emitting diodes and piezoelectric energy harvesters [pdf]
S. Xu, Z.L. Wang
Pure and Applied Chemistry 83, 2171-2198 (2011)

24

23. One dimensional ZnO nanostructures: solution growth and functional properties [pdf]
S. Xu, Z.L. Wang
Nano Research 4, 1013-1098 (2011)

22. Enhancing light emission of ZnO microwire-based diodes by piezo-phototronic effect [pdf]
Q. Yang, W.H. Wang, S. Xu, Z.L. Wang
Nano Letters 11, 6285-6291 (2011)

22

2010

21. Piezoelectric BaTiO3 thin film nanogenerator on plastic substrates [pdf]
K.-I. Park, S. Xu, Y. Liu, G.T. Hwang, S.-J.L. Kang, Z.L. Wang, K.J. Lee
Nano Letters 10, 4939-4943 (2010)

21

20. Piezoelectric-nanowire-enabled power source for driving wireless microelectronics [pdf]
S. Xu, B.J. Hansen, Z.L. Wang
Nature Communications 1, 93 (2010)

19. Growth and replication of ordered ZnO nanowire arrays on general flexible substrates [pdf]
S. Zhang, Y. Shen, H. Fang, S. Xu, J.H. Song, Z.L. Wang
Journal of Materials Chemistry 20, 10606-10610 (2010)

18. Enhancing sensitivity of a single ZnO micro-/nanowire photodetector by piezo-phototronic effect [pdf]
Q. Yang, X. Guo, W.H. Wang, Y. Zhang, S. Xu, D.H. Lien, Z.L. Wang
ACS Nano 4, 6285-6291 (2010)

17. Lateral nanowire/nanobelt based nanogenerators, piezotronics and piezo-photonics [pdf]
Z.L. Wang, R.S. Yang, J. Zhou, Y. Qin, C. Xu, Y.F. Hu, S. Xu
Materials Science and Engineering R 70, 320-329 (2010)

16. Ordered nanowire array blue/near-UV light emitting diodes [pdf]
S. Xu, C. Xu, Y. Liu, Y.F. Hu, R.S. Yang, Q. Yang, J.-H. Ryou, H.J. Kim, Z. Lochner, S. Choi, R. Dupuis, Z.L. Wang
Advanced Materials 22, 4749-4753 (2010)

16

15. Planar waveguide-nanowire integrated three-dimensional dye-sensitized solar cells [pdf]
Y.G. Wei, C. Xu, S. Xu, C. Li, W.Z. Wu, Z.L. Wang
Nano Letters 10, 2092-2096 (2010)

14. Self-powered nanowire devices [pdf]
S. Xu, Y. Qin, C. Xu, Y.G. Wei, R.S. Yang, Z.L. Wang
Nature Nanotechnology 5, 366-373 (2010)

14

13. Growth and transfer of monolithic horizontal ZnO nanowire superstructures onto flexible substrates [pdf]
S. Xu, Y. Shen, Y. Ding, Z.L. Wang
Advanced Functional Materials 20, 1493-1495 (2010)

13

12. A general approach for fabricating arc-shaped composite nanowire arrays by pulsed laser deposition [pdf]
Y. Shen, J.-I. Hong, S. Xu, S.S. Lin, H. Fang, S. Zhang, Y. Ding, R.L. Snyder, Z.L. Wang
Advanced Functional Materials 20, 703-707 (2010)

12

2009

11. Depth resolved luminescence from oriented ZnO nanowires [pdf]
R.A. Rosenberg, M.A. Haija, K. Vijayalakshmi, J. Zhou, S. Xu, Z.L. Wang
Applied Physics Letters 95, 243101 (2009)

11

10. Growth of ZnO nanotube arrays and nanotube based piezoelectric nanogenerator [pdf]
Y. Xi, J.H. Song, S. Xu, R.S. Yang, Z.Y. Gao, C.G. Hu, Z.L. Wang
Journal of Materials Chemistry 19, 9260-9264 (2009)

9. Structural colors from morpho peleides butterfly wing scales [pdf]
Y. Ding, S. Xu, Z.L. Wang
Journal of Applied Physics 106, 074702 (2009)

9

8. Piezoelectric potential gated field-effect transistor based on a free-standing ZnO wire [pdf]
P. Fei, P.-H. Yeh, J. Zhou, S. Xu, Y.F. Gao, J.H. Song, Y.D. Gu, Y.Y. Huang, Z.L. Wang
Nano Letters 9, 3435-3439 (2009)

7. Patterned growth of horizontal ZnO nanowire arrays [pdf]
S. Xu, Y. Ding, Y.G. Wei, H. Fang, Y. Shen, A.K. Sood, D.L. Polla, Z.L. Wang
Journal of the American Chemical Society 131, 6670-6671 (2009)

6. Optimizing and improving the growth quality of ZnO nanowire arrays guided by statistical design of experiments [pdf]
S. Xu, N. Adiga, S. Ba, T. Dasgupta, C.F.J. Wu, Z.L. Wang
ACS Nano 3, 1803-1812 (2009)

2008

5. Growth of vertically aligned ZnO nanobelt arrays on GaN substrate [pdf]
Y.G. Wei, Y. Ding, C. Li, S. Xu, J.H. Ryou, R. Dupuis, A.K. Sood, D.L. Polla, Z.L. Wang
Journal of Physical Chemistry C 112, 18935-18937 (2008)

5

4. Integrated multilayer nanogenerator fabricated using paired nanotip-to-nanowire brushes [pdf]
S. Xu, Y.G. Wei, J. Liu, R.S. Yang, Z.L. Wang
Nano Letters 8, 4027-4032 (2008)

3. Patterned growth of vertically aligned ZnO nanowire arrays on inorganic substrates at low temperature without catalyst [pdf]
S. Xu, Y.G. Wei, M. Kirkham, J. Liu, W.J. Mai, D. Davidovic, R.L. Snyder, Z.L. Wang
Journal of the American Chemical Society 130, 14958-14959 (2008)

2. Modifying the anti-wetting property of butterfly wings and water strider legs by atomic layer deposition coating: surface materials versus geometry [pdf]
Y. Ding, S. Xu, Y. Zhang, A.C. Wang, M.H. Wang, Y.H. Xiu, C.P. Wong, Z.L. Wang
Nanotechnology 19, 355708 (2008)

2

1. Density-controlled growth of aligned ZnO nanowire arrays by seedless chemical approach on smooth surfaces [pdf]
S. Xu, C.S. Lao, B. Weintraub, Z.L. Wang
Journal of Materials Research 23, 2072-2077 (2008)

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