79. Soft wearable devices for deep-tissue sensing [link
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78. Three-dimensional transistor arrays for intra- and inter-cellular recording [pdf
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Nature Nanotechnology 17, 292–300 (2022)


77. Wearable biosupercapacitor: harvesting and storing energy from sweat [pdf
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Advanced Functional Materials 31, 2102915 (2021)

76. Fabric-substrated capacitive biopotential sensors enhanced by dielectric nanoparticles [pdf
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Nano Research 14, 3248-3252 (2021)

75. Demystifying phase transformations in metal halide perovskites [pdf
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Matter 4, 2627-2629 (2021)

74. Instant, multiscale dry transfer printing by atomic diffusion control at heterogenous interfaces [pdf
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73. A passive perspiration biofuel cell: high energy return on investment [pdf
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72. Continuous monitoring of deep-tissue haemodynamics with stretchable ultrasonic phased arrays [pdf
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Nature Biomedical Engineering 5, 749-758 (2021)

71. Single-crystal halide perovskites: opportunities and challenges [pdf
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Matter 4, 2266-2308 (2021)

70. Smart contact lenses for biosensing applications [pdf
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69. Nanomaterial biointerfacing via mitochondrial membrane coating for targeted detoxification and molecular detection [pdf
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68. A self-sustainable wearable multi-modular e-textile bioenergy microgrid system [pdf
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67. An epidermal patch for the simultaneous monitoring of haemodynamic and metabolic biomarkers [pdf
J.R. Sempionatto, M.Y. Lin, L. Yin, E. De la paz, K.X. Pei, T. Sonsa-ard, A.N. de Loyola Silva, A.A. Khorshed, F.Y. Zhang, N. Tostado, S. Xu, J. Wang
Nature Biomedical Engineering 5, 737-748 (2021)


66. Deciphering facial movements [pdf
X.X. Gao, X.J. Chen, S. Xu
Nature Biomedical Engineering 4, 935-936 (2020)

65. Role of the metal–semiconductor interface in halide perovskite devices for radiation photon counting [pdf
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ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 12, 45533-45540 (2020)

64. A fabrication process for flexible single-crystal perovskite devices [pdf
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Nature 583, 790-795 (2020)

63. Stretchable nanolayered thermoelectric energy harvester on complex and dynamic surfaces [pdf
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Nano Letters 20, 4445-4453 (2020)

62. Frequency- and power-dependent photoresponse of a perovskite photodetector down to the single-photon level [pdf
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61. Strain engineering and epitaxial stabilization of halide perovskites [pdf
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60. Stretchable and flexible buckypaper-based lactate biofuel cell for wearable electronics [pdf
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59. A biomimetic soft lens controlled by electrooculographic signal [pdf
J.R. Li, Y. Wang, L.W. Liu, S. Xu, Y.J. Liu, J.S. Leng, S.Q. Cai
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A Biomimetic Soft Lens Controlled by Electrooculographic Signal

58. Soft sensors form a network [pdf
M.Y. Lin, N.G. Gutierrez, S. Xu
Nature Electronics 2, 327-328 (2019)

57. Wearable thermoelectrics for personalized thermoregulation [pdf]
S. Hong, Y. Gu, J.K. Seo, J. Wang, P. Liu, Y.S. Meng, S. Xu, R.K. Chen
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56. Biomembrane-modified field effect transistors for sensitive and quantitative detection of biological toxins and pathogens [pdf]
H. Gong, F. Chen, Z.L. Huang, Y. Gu, Q.Z. Zhang, Y.J. Chen, Y. Zhang, J. Zhuang, Y.-K. Cho, R.H. Fang, W.W. Gao, S. Xu, L.F. Zhang
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55. Array atomic force microscope for real-time multiparametric analysis [pdf]
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54. Materials and structures toward soft electronics [pdf]
C.F. Wang, C.H. Wang, Z.L. Huang, S. Xu
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Materials and Structures toward Soft Electronics

53. Highly stable battery pack via insulated, reinforced, buckling-enabled interconnect array [pdf]
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52. Monitoring of the central blood pressure waveform via a conformal ultrasonic device [pdf]
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Nature Biomedical Engineering 2, 687-695 (2018)

51. Three-dimensional integrated stretchable electronics [pdf]
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Nature Electronics 1, 473-480 (2018)

50. Controlled homoepitaxial growth of hybrid perovskites [pdf]
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49. Stretchable ultrasonic transducer arrays for three-dimensional imaging on complex surfaces [pdf]
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Science Advances 4, eaar 3979 (2018)

Stretchable ultrasonic transducer arrays for three-dimensional imaging on complex surfaces


48. Deterministic integration of biological and soft materials onto 3D microscale cellular frameworks [pdf]
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47. Soft, stretchable, high power density electronic skin-based biofuel cells for scavenging energy from human sweat [pdf]
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Energy & Environmental Science 10, 1581-1589 (2017)

Soft, stretchable, high power density electronic skin-based biofuel cells for scavenging energy from human sweat

46. Self-assembled three dimensional network designs for soft electronics [pdf]
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Nature Communications 8, 15894 (2017)

Self-assembled three dimensional network designs for soft electronics

45. Electroplating lithium transition metal oxides [pdf]
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Electroplating lithium transition metal oxides

44. Merging of thin- and thick-film fabrication technologies: toward soft stretchable "island-bridge" devices [pdf]
A.M.V. Mohan, N. Kim, Y. Gu, A.J. Bandodkar, J.-M. You, R. Kumar, J.F. Kurniawan, S. Xu, J. Wang
Advanced Materials Technologies 2, 1600284 (2017)

Merging of Thin- and Thick-Film Fabrication Technologies: Toward Soft Stretchable “Island–Bridge” Devices


43. Ferromagnetic, folded electrode composite as a soft interface to the skin for long-term electrophysiological recording [pdf]
K.-I. Jang, H.N. Jung, J.W. Lee, S. Xu, Y.H. Liu, Y.J. Ma, J.-W. Jeong, Y.M. Song, J.H. Kim, B.H. Kim, A. Banks, J.W. Kwak, Y.Y. Yang, D.W. Shi, Z.J. Wei, X. Feng, U. Paik, Y.G. Huang, R. Ghaffari, J.A. Rogers
Advanced Functional Materials 26, 7281-7290 (2016)

42. Battery-free, stretchable optoelectronic systems for wireless optical characterization of the skin [pdf]
J. Kim, G.A. Salvatore, H. Araki, A.M. Chiarelli, Z.Q. Xie, A. Banks, X. Sheng, Y.H. Liu, J.W. Lee, K.-I. Jang, S.Y. Heo, K.Y. Cho, H.Y. Luo, B. Zimmerman, J. Kim, L.Q. Yan, X. Feng, S. Xu, M. Fabiani, G. Gratton, Y.G. Huang, U. Paik, J.A. Rogers
Science Advances 2, e1600418 (2016)

Battery-free, stretchable optoelectronic systems for wireless optical characterization of the skin

41. Soft, thin-skin mounted power management systems and their use in wireless thermography [pdf]
J.W. Lee, R.X. Wu, S. Lee, K.-I. Jang, Y.C. Yang, A. Banks, K.J. Yu, J. Kim, S. Xu, S.Y. Ma, S.W. Jang, P. Won, Y.H. Li, B.H. Kim, J.Y. Choe, S. Huh, Y.H. Kwon, Y.G. Huang, U. Paik, J.A. Rogers
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 113, 6131-6136 (2016)

Soft, Thin-Skin Mounted Power Management Systems and Their Use in Wireless Thermography


40. Soft network composite materials with deterministic and bio-inspired designs [pdf]
K.-I. Jang, H.U. Chung, S. Xu, C.H. Lee, H.W. Luan, J.W. Jeong, H.Y. Cheng, G.-T. Kim, S.Y. Han, J.W. Lee, J.H. Kim, M.G. Cho, F.X. Miao, Y.Y. Yang, H.N. Jung, M. Flavin, Y.H. Liu, G.W. Kong, K.J. Yu, S.I. Rhee, J.H. Chung, B.G. Kim, Y.H. Zhang, Y.G. Huang, J.A. Rogers
Nature Communications 6, 6566 (2015)


39. Holographic patterning of high performance on-chip 3D lithium-ion microbatteries [pdf]
H.L. Ning, J.H. Pikul, R.Y. Zhang, X.J. Li, S. Xu, J.J. Wang, J.A. Rogers, W.P. King, P.V. Braun
Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences 112, 6573-6578 (2015)


38. Miniaturized flexible electronic systems with wireless power and near-field communication capabilities [pdf]
J.H. Kim, A. Banks, Z.Q. Xie, S.Y. Heo, P. Gutruf, J.W. Lee, S. Xu, K.-I. Jang, F. Liu, G. Brown, J.H. Choi, J.H. Kim, X. Feng, Y.G. Huang, U. Paik, J.A. Rogers
Advanced Functional Materials 25, 4761-4767 (2015)


37. Lateral buckling and mechanical stretchability of fractal interconnects partially bonded onto an elastomeric substrate [pdf]
H.R. Fu, S. Xu, R.X. Xu, J.Q. Jiang, Y.H. Zhang, J.A. Rogers, Y.G. Huang
Applied Physics Letters 106, 091902 (2015)


36. Assembly of micro/nanomaterials into complex, three-dimensional architectures by compressive buckling [pdf] [introduction video]
S. Xu, Z. Yan, K.-I. Jang, W. Huang, H.R. Fu, J.H. Kim, Z.J. Wei, M. Flavin, J. McCracken, R.H. Wang, A. Badea, Y.H. Liu, D.Q. Xiao, G.Y. Zhou, J.W. Lee, H.U. Chung, H.Y. Cheng, W. Ren, A. Banks, X.L. Li, U. Paik, R.G. Nuzzo, Y.G. Huang, Y.H. Zhang, J.A. Rogers
Science 347, 154-159 (2015)

35. Epidermal electronics with advanced capabilities in near-field communication [pdf]
J.H. Kim, A. Banks, H.Y. Cheng, Z.Q. Xie, S. Xu, K.-I. Jang, J.W. Lee, Z.J. Liu, P. Gutruf, X. Huang, P.H. Wei, F. Liu, K. Li, M. Dalal, R. Ghaffari, X. Feng, Y.G. Huang, S. Gupta, U. Paik, J.A. Rogers
Small 11, 906-912 (2015)



34. Fabrication procedure for rugged and breathable forms of stretchable electronics with adherent and composite substrates [link]
K.-I. Jang, S.Y. Han, S. Xu, K.E. Mathewson, Y.H. Zhang, J.-W. Jeong, G.T. Kim, R.C. Webb, J.W. Lee, T.J. Dawidczyk, R.H. Kim, Y.M. Song, W.-H. Yeo, S. Kim, H.Y. Cheng, S.I. Rhee, J.H. Chung, B.G. Kim, H.U. Chung, D.J. Lee, Y.Y. Yang, M.G. Cho, J.G. Gaspar, R. Carbonari, M. Fabiani, G. Gratton, Y.G. Huang, J.A. Rogers
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33. Rugged and breathable forms of stretchable electronics with adherent composite substrates for transcutaneous monitoring [pdf]
K.-I. Jang, S.Y. Han, S. Xu, K.E. Mathewson, Y.H. Zhang, J.-W. Jeong, G.-T. Kim, R.C. Webb, J.W. Lee, T.J. Dawidczyk, R.H. Kim, Y.M. Song, W.-H. Yeo, S. Kim, H.Y. Cheng, S.I. Rhee, J.H. Chung, B.G. Kim, H.U. Chung, D.J. Lee, Y.Y. Yang, M.G. Cho, J.G. Gaspar, R. Carbonari, M. Fabiani, G. Gratton, Y.G. Huang, J.A. Rogers
Nature Communications 5, 4779 (2014)


32. A hierarchical computational model for stretchable interconnects with fractal-inspired designs [pdf]
Y.H. Zhang, H.R. Fu, S. Xu, K.-C. Hwang, J.Q. Jiang, J. Fan, J.A. Rogers, Y.G. Huang
Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids 72, 115-130 (2014)


31. Soft microfluidic assemblies of sensors, circuits, and radios for the skin [pdf]
[introduction video] [mechanical properties demo video] [live ECG monitoring video]
S. Xu, Y.H. Zhang, L. Jia, K. E. Mathewson, K.-I. Jang, J.H. Kim, H.R. Fu, X. Huang, P. Chava, R.H. Wang, S. Bhole, L.Z. Wang, Y.J. Na, Y. Guan, M. Flavin, Z.S. Han, Y.G. Huang, J. A. Rogers
Science 344, 70-74 (2014)



30. Experimental and theoretical studies of serpentine microstructures bonded to prestrained elastomers for stretchable electronics [pdf]
Y.H. Zhang, S.D. Wang, X. Li, J. Fan, S. Xu, Y.M. Song, K.-J Choi, W. H. Yeo, S.N. Nazaar, B.W. Lu, L. Yin, W. Lee, K.-C. Hwang, J.A. Rogers, Y.G. Huang
Advanced Functional Materials 14, 2028-2037 (2013)


29. Mechanics of ultra-stretchable self-similar serpentine interconnects [pdf]
Y.H. Zhang, H.R. Fu, Y.W. Su, S. Xu, H.Y. Cheng, J.A. Fan, K.-C. Hwang, J.A. Rogers, Y.G. Huang
Acta Materialia 61, 7816-7827 (2013)


28. Buckling in serpentine microstructures and applications in ultra-stretchable electronics with high areal coverage [pdf]
Y.H. Zhang, S. Xu, H.R. Fu, J.H. Lee, J. Su, K.-C. Hwang, J.A. Rogers, Y.G. Huang
Soft Matter 9, 8062-8070 (2013)

27. Stretchable batteries with self-similar serpentine interconnects and integrated wireless recharging systems [pdf] [demo video]
S. Xu, Y.H. Zhang, J. Cho, J.H. Lee, X. Huang, L. Jia, J. Fan, Y.W. Su, J. Su, H.G. Zhang, H.Y. Cheng, B.W. Lu, C.J. Yu, C. Chuang, T.-I. Kim, T. Song, K. Shigeta, S. Kang, C. Dagdeviren, I. Petrov, P.V. Braun, Y.G. Huang, U. Paik, J.A. Rogers
Nature Communications 4, 1543 (2013)


26. Imprintable, bendable, and shape-conformable polymer electrolytes for versatile-shaped lithium-ion batteries [pdf]
E.-H. Kil, K.-H. Choi, H.-J. Ha, S. Xu, J.A. Rogers, M.R. Kim, Y.-G. Lee, K.M. Kim, K.Y. Cho, S.-Y. Lee
Advanced Materials 25, 1395-1400 (2013)



25. Hybridizing ZnO nanowires with micropyramid silicon wafers as superhydrophobic high-efficiency solar cells [pdf]
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Advanced Energy Materials 2, 47-51 (2012)



24. Oxide nanowire arrays for light emitting diodes and piezoelectric energy harvesters [pdf]
S. Xu, Z.L. Wang
Pure and Applied Chemistry 83, 2171-2198 (2011)


23. One dimensional ZnO nanostructures: solution growth and functional properties [pdf]
S. Xu, Z.L. Wang
Nano Research 4, 1013-1098 (2011)

22. Enhancing light emission of ZnO microwire-based diodes by piezo-phototronic effect [pdf]
Q. Yang, W.H. Wang, S. Xu, Z.L. Wang
Nano Letters 11, 6285-6291 (2011)



21. Piezoelectric BaTiO3 thin film nanogenerator on plastic substrates [pdf]
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Nano Letters 10, 4939-4943 (2010)


20. Piezoelectric-nanowire-enabled power source for driving wireless microelectronics [pdf]
S. Xu, B.J. Hansen, Z.L. Wang
Nature Communications 1, 93 (2010)

19. Growth and replication of ordered ZnO nanowire arrays on general flexible substrates [pdf]
S. Zhang, Y. Shen, H. Fang, S. Xu, J.H. Song, Z.L. Wang
Journal of Materials Chemistry 20, 10606-10610 (2010)

18. Enhancing sensitivity of a single ZnO micro-/nanowire photodetector by piezo-phototronic effect [pdf]
Q. Yang, X. Guo, W.H. Wang, Y. Zhang, S. Xu, D.H. Lien, Z.L. Wang
ACS Nano 4, 6285-6291 (2010)

17. Lateral nanowire/nanobelt based nanogenerators, piezotronics and piezo-photonics [pdf]
Z.L. Wang, R.S. Yang, J. Zhou, Y. Qin, C. Xu, Y.F. Hu, S. Xu
Materials Science and Engineering R 70, 320-329 (2010)

16. Ordered nanowire array blue/near-UV light emitting diodes [pdf]
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Advanced Materials 22, 4749-4753 (2010)


15. Planar waveguide-nanowire integrated three-dimensional dye-sensitized solar cells [pdf]
Y.G. Wei, C. Xu, S. Xu, C. Li, W.Z. Wu, Z.L. Wang
Nano Letters 10, 2092-2096 (2010)

14. Self-powered nanowire devices [pdf]
S. Xu, Y. Qin, C. Xu, Y.G. Wei, R.S. Yang, Z.L. Wang
Nature Nanotechnology 5, 366-373 (2010)


13. Growth and transfer of monolithic horizontal ZnO nanowire superstructures onto flexible substrates [pdf]
S. Xu, Y. Shen, Y. Ding, Z.L. Wang
Advanced Functional Materials 20, 1493-1495 (2010)


12. A general approach for fabricating arc-shaped composite nanowire arrays by pulsed laser deposition [pdf]
Y. Shen, J.-I. Hong, S. Xu, S.S. Lin, H. Fang, S. Zhang, Y. Ding, R.L. Snyder, Z.L. Wang
Advanced Functional Materials 20, 703-707 (2010)



11. Depth resolved luminescence from oriented ZnO nanowires [pdf]
R.A. Rosenberg, M.A. Haija, K. Vijayalakshmi, J. Zhou, S. Xu, Z.L. Wang
Applied Physics Letters 95, 243101 (2009)


10. Growth of ZnO nanotube arrays and nanotube based piezoelectric nanogenerator [pdf]
Y. Xi, J.H. Song, S. Xu, R.S. Yang, Z.Y. Gao, C.G. Hu, Z.L. Wang
Journal of Materials Chemistry 19, 9260-9264 (2009)

9. Structural colors from morpho peleides butterfly wing scales [pdf]
Y. Ding, S. Xu, Z.L. Wang
Journal of Applied Physics 106, 074702 (2009)


8. Piezoelectric potential gated field-effect transistor based on a free-standing ZnO wire [pdf]
P. Fei, P.-H. Yeh, J. Zhou, S. Xu, Y.F. Gao, J.H. Song, Y.D. Gu, Y.Y. Huang, Z.L. Wang
Nano Letters 9, 3435-3439 (2009)

7. Patterned growth of horizontal ZnO nanowire arrays [pdf]
S. Xu, Y. Ding, Y.G. Wei, H. Fang, Y. Shen, A.K. Sood, D.L. Polla, Z.L. Wang
Journal of the American Chemical Society 131, 6670-6671 (2009)

6. Optimizing and improving the growth quality of ZnO nanowire arrays guided by statistical design of experiments [pdf]
S. Xu, N. Adiga, S. Ba, T. Dasgupta, C.F.J. Wu, Z.L. Wang
ACS Nano 3, 1803-1812 (2009)


5. Growth of vertically aligned ZnO nanobelt arrays on GaN substrate [pdf]
Y.G. Wei, Y. Ding, C. Li, S. Xu, J.H. Ryou, R. Dupuis, A.K. Sood, D.L. Polla, Z.L. Wang
Journal of Physical Chemistry C 112, 18935-18937 (2008)


4. Integrated multilayer nanogenerator fabricated using paired nanotip-to-nanowire brushes [pdf]
S. Xu, Y.G. Wei, J. Liu, R.S. Yang, Z.L. Wang
Nano Letters 8, 4027-4032 (2008)

3. Patterned growth of vertically aligned ZnO nanowire arrays on inorganic substrates at low temperature without catalyst [pdf]
S. Xu, Y.G. Wei, M. Kirkham, J. Liu, W.J. Mai, D. Davidovic, R.L. Snyder, Z.L. Wang
Journal of the American Chemical Society 130, 14958-14959 (2008)

2. Modifying the anti-wetting property of butterfly wings and water strider legs by atomic layer deposition coating: surface materials versus geometry [pdf]
Y. Ding, S. Xu, Y. Zhang, A.C. Wang, M.H. Wang, Y.H. Xiu, C.P. Wong, Z.L. Wang
Nanotechnology 19, 355708 (2008)


1. Density-controlled growth of aligned ZnO nanowire arrays by seedless chemical approach on smooth surfaces [pdf]
S. Xu, C.S. Lao, B. Weintraub, Z.L. Wang
Journal of Materials Research 23, 2072-2077 (2008)





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